Journal publications (advised students underlined)


Whaley, C. H., Mahmood, R., von Salzen, K., Winter, B., Eckhardt, S., Arnold, S., Beagley, S., Becagli, S., Chien, R.-Y., Christensen, J., Damani, S. M., Dong, X., Eleftheriadis, K., Evangeliou, N., Faluvegi, G., Flanner, M., Fu, J. S., Gauss, M., Giardi, F., Gong, W., Hjorth, J. L., Huang, L., Im, U., Kanaya, Y., Krishnan, S., Klimont, Z., Kühn, T., Langner, J., Law, K. S., Marelle, L., Massling, A., Olivié, D., Onishi, T., Oshima, N., Peng, Y., Plummer, D. A., Popovicheva, O., Pozzoli, L., Raut, J.-C., Sand, M., Saunders, L. N., Schmale, J., Sharma, S., Skeie, R. B., Skov, H., Taketani, F., Thomas, M. A., Traversi, R., Tsigaridis, K., Tsyro, S., Turnock, S., Vitale, V., Walker, K. A., Wang, M., Watson-Parris, D., and Weiss-Gibbons, T. (2022), Model evaluation of short-lived climate forcers for the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme: a multi-species, multi-model study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 5775–5828, doi: 10.5194/acp-22-5775-2022.

Brown, H., Wang, H., Flanner, M., Liu, X., Singh, B., Zhang, R., Yang, Y., and Wu, M. (2022), Brown carbon fuel and emission source attributions to global snow darkening effect, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 14, e2021MS002768, doi: 10.1029/2021MS002768.

Whicker, C. A., Flanner, M. G., Dang, C., Zender, C. S., Cook, J. M., and Gardner, A. S. (2022), SNICAR-ADv4: a physically based radiative transfer model to represent the spectral albedo of glacier ice, The Cryosphere, 16, 1197–1220, doi: 10.5194/tc-16-1197-2022.


Flanner, M. G., Arnheim, J. B., Cook, J. M., Dang, C., He, C., Huang, X., Singh, D., Skiles, S. M., Whicker, C. A., and Zender, C. S. (2021), SNICAR-ADv3: a community tool for modeling spectral snow albedo, Geosci. Model Dev., 14, 7673–7704, doi:10.5194/gmd-14-7673-2021.


Ward, J. L., M. G. Flanner, and E. Dunn-Sigouin (2020), Impacts of Greenland Block Location on Clouds and Surface Energy Fluxes over the Greenland Ice Sheet, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 125, e2020JD033172, doi:10.1029/2020JD033172.

Fair, Z., Flanner, M., Brunt, K. M., Fricker, H. A., and Gardner, A. S. (2020), Using ICESat-2 and Operation IceBridge altimetry for supraglacial lake depth retrievals, The Cryosphere, 14, 4253-4263, doi:10.5194/tc-14-4253-2020.

Snide, C. E., L. Gilbert, A. Meyer, P. Samson, M. Flanner, and J. Bassis (2020), Seeing the Greenland Ice Sheet through students’ eyes, Eos, 101, doi:10.1029/2020EO139739.

Cook, J. M., Tedstone, A. J., Williamson, C., McCutcheon, J., Hodson, A. J., Dayal, A., Skiles, M., Hofer, S., Bryant, R., McAree, O., McGonigle, A., Ryan, J., Anesio, A. M., Irvine-Fynn, T. 

D. L., Hubbard, A., Hanna, E., Flanner, M., Mayanna, S., Benning, L. G., van As, D., Yallop, M., McQuaid, J. B., Gribbin, T., and Tranter, M. (2020), Glacier algae accelerate melt rates on the south-western Greenland Ice Sheet, The Cryosphere, 14, 309-330, doi:10.5194/tc-14-309-2020.

Wang, H., R. C. Easter, R. Zhang, P.-L. Ma, B. Singh, K. Zhang, D. Ganguly, P. J. Rasch, S. M. Burrows, S. J. Ghan, S. Lou, Y. Qian, Y. Yang, Y. Feng, M. Flanner, R. L. Leung, X. Liu, M. Shrivastava, J. Sun, Q. Tang, S. Xie, J.-H. Yoon (2020), Aerosols in the E3SM Version 1: New developments and their impacts on radiative forcing, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 12, e2019MS001851, doi: 10.1029/2019MS001851.


Lawrence, D. M., R. A. Risher, C. D. Koven, K. W. Oleson, S. C. Swenson, G. Bonan, N. Collier, B. Ghimire, L. van Kampenhout, D. Kennedy, E. Kluzek, P. J. Lawrence, F. Li, H. Li, D. Lombardozzi, W. J. Riley, W. J. Sacks, M. Shi, M. Vertenstein, W. R. Wieder, C. Xu, A. A. Ali, A. M. Badger, G. Bisht, M. van den Broeke, M. A. Brunke, S. P. Burns, J. Buzan, M. Clark, A. Craig, K. Dahlin, B. Drewniak, J. B. Fisher, M. Flanner, A. M. Fox, P. Gentine, F. Hoffman, G. Keppel-Aleks, R. Knox, S. Kumar, J. Lenaerts, L. R. Leung, W. H. Lipscomb, Y. Lu, A. Pandey, J. D. Pelletier, J. Perket, J. T. Randerson, D. M. Ricciuto, B. M. Sanderson, A. Slater, Z. M. Subin, J. Tang, R. Q. Thomas, M. V. Martin, X. Zeng (2019). The Community Land Model version 5: Description of new features, benchmarking, and impact of forcing uncertainty, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 11, doi:10.1029/2018MS001583.

Dang, C., Zender, C. S., and Flanner, M. G. (2019), Intercomparison and improvement of two-stream shortwave radiative transfer schemes in Earth system models for a unified treatment of cryospheric surfaces, The Cryosphere, 13, 2325-2343, doi:10.5194/tc-13-2325-2019.

Chen, Y.-H., X.L. Huang, X. H. Chen, and M. G. Flanner (2019), The Effects of Surface Longwave Spectral Emissivity on Atmospheric Circulation and Convection over the Sahara and Sahel, J. Climate, 32(15), 4873-4890, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0615.1.

Schneider, A., Flanner, M., De Roo, R., and Adolph, A. (2019), Monitoring of snow surface near-infrared bidirectional reflectance factors with added light-absorbing particles, The Cryosphere, 13, 1753-1766, doi:10.5194/tc-13-1753-2019.

Rasch, P. J., S. Xie, P.-L. Ma, W. Lin, H. Wang, Q. Tang, S. M. Burrows, P. Caldwell, K. Zhang, R. C. Easter, P. Cameron-Smith, B. Singh, H. Wan, J.-C. Golaz, B. E. Harrop, E. Roesler, J. Bacmeister, V. E. Larson, K. J. Evans, Y. Qian, M. Taylor, L. R. Leung, Y. Zhang, L. Brent, M. Branstetter, C. Hannay, S. Mahajan, A. Mametjanov, R. Neale, J. H. Richter, J.-H. Yoon, C. S. Zender, D. Bader, M. Flanner, J. G. Foucar, R. Jacob, N. Keen, S. A. Klein, X. Liu, A.G. Salinger, M. Shrivastava, Y. Yang (2019), An Overview of the Atmospheric Component of the Energy Exascale Earth System Model, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 11, 2377-2411, doi:10.1029/2019MS001629.

Golaz, J.-C., P. M. Caldwell, L. P. Van Roekel, M. R. Petersen, Q. Tang, J. D. Wolfe, G. Abeshu, V. Anantharaj, X. S. Asay-Davis, D. C. Bader, S. A. Baldwin, G. Bisht, P. A. Bogenschutz, M. Branstetter, M. A. Brunke, S. R. Brus, S. M. Burrows, P. J. Cameron-Smith, A. S. Donahue, M. Deakin, R. C. Easter, K. J. Evans, Y. Feng, M. Flanner, J. G. Foucar, J. G. Fyke, B. M. Griffin, C. Hannay, B. E. Harrop, M. J. Hoffman, E. C. Hunke, R. L. Jacob, D. W. Jacobsen, N. Jeffery, P. W. Jones, N. D. Keen, S. A. Klein, V. E. Larson, L. R. Leung, H.-Y. Li, W. Lin, W. H. Lipscomb, P.-L. Ma, S. Mahajan, M. E. Maltrud, A. Mametjanov, J. L. McClean, R. B. McCoy, R. B. Neale, S. F. Price, Y. Qian, P. J. Rasch, J. E. J. R. Eyre, W. J. Riley, T. D. Ringler, A. F. Roberts, E. L. Roesler, A. G. Salinger, Z. Shaheen, X. Shi, B. Singh, J. Tang, M. A. Taylor, P. E. Thornton, A. K. Turner, M. Veneziani, H. Wan, H. Wang, S. Wang, D. N. Williams, P. J. Wolfram, P. H. Worley, S. Xie, Y. Yang, J.-H. Yoon, M. D. Zelinka, C. S. Zender, X. Zeng, C. Zhang, K. Zhang, Y. Zhang, X. Zheng, T. Zhou, Q. Zhu (2019), The DOE E3SM coupled model version 1: Overview and evaluation at standard resolution, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 11, 2089-2129, doi:10.1029/2018MS001603.

Sun, T., Liu, L., Flanner, M. G., Kirchstetter, T. W., Jiao, C., Preble, C. V., Chang, W. L., and Bond, T. C. (2019), Constraining a historical black carbon emission inventory of the United States for 1960-2000, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 4004-4025, doi:10.1029/2018JD030201.


Krinner, G., Derksen, C., Essery, R., Flanner, M., Hagemann, S., Clark, M., Hall, A., Rott, H., Brutel-Vuilmet, C., Kim, H., Menard, C. B., Mudryk, L., Thackeray, C., Wang, L., Arduini, G., Balsamo, G., Bartlett, P., Boike, J., Boone, A., Cheruy, F., Colin, J., Cuntz, M., Dai, Y., Decharme, B., Derry, J., Ducharne, A., Dutra, E., Fang, X., Fierz, C., Ghattas, J., Gusev, Y., Haverd, V., Kontu, A., Lafaysse, M., Law, R., Lawrence, D., Li, W., Marke, T., Marks, D., Menegoz, M., Nasonova, O., Nitta, T., Niwano, M., Pomeroy, J., Raleigh, M. S., Schaedler, G., Semenov, V., Smirnova, T. G., Stacke, T., Strasser, U., Svenson, S., Turkov, D., Wang, T., Wever, N., Yuan, H., Zhou, W., and Zhu, D. (2018), ESM-SnowMIP: assessing snow models and quantifying snow-related climate feedbacks, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 5027-5049, doi: 10.5194/gmd-11-5027-2018.

Li, Y. and Flanner, M. G. (2018), Investigating the impact of aerosol deposition on snowmelt over the Greenland Ice Sheet using a large-ensemble kernel, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 16005-16018, doi:10.5194/acp-18-16005-2018.

Skiles, S. M., Flanner, M., Cook, J. M., Dumont, M., and Painter, T. H. (2018), Radiative forcing by light-absorbing particles in snow, Nature Climate Change, 8, 964-97, doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0296-5.

Krinner, G. and Flanner, M. G. (2018), Striking stationarity of large-scale climate model bias patterns under strong climate change, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., 115, 38, 9462-9466, doi:10.1073/pnas.1807912115.

He, C., Flanner, M. G., Chen, F., Barlage, M., Liou, K. N., Kang, S., Ming, J., and Qian, Y. (2018), Black carbon-induced snow albedo reduction over the Tibetan Plateau: uncertainties from snow grain shape and aerosol-snow mixing state based on an updated SNICAR model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 11507-11527, doi:10.5194/acp-18-11507-2018.

Smith, B. E., A. Gardner, A. Schneider, and M. Flanner (2018), Modeling biases in laser-altimetry measurements caused by scattering of green light in snow, Remote Sens. Environ., 215, 398-410, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2018.06.012.

Ward, J. L., Flanner, M. G., Bergin, M., Dibb, J. E., Polashenski, C. M., Soja, A. J., and Thomas, J. L. (2018), Modeled response of Greenland snowmelt to the presence of biomass burning-based absorbing aerosols in the atmosphere and snow, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 123, 6122-6141, doi:10.1029/2017JD027878.

Matsui, H., Mahowald, N. M., Moteki, N., Hamilton, D. S., Ohata, S., Yoshida, A., Koike, M., Scanza, R. A., and Flanner, M. G. (2018), Anthropogenic combustion iron as a complex climate forcer, Nature Communications, 9, 1593, doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-03997-0.

Singh, D., Flanner, M. G., and Millour, E. (2018), Improvement of Mars surface snow albedo modeling in LMD Mars GCM with SNICAR, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 123, 780-791, doi:10.1002/2017JE005368

Huang, X., X. Chen, M. Flanner, P. Yang, D. Feldman, and C. Kuo (2018), Improved representation of surface spectral emissivity in a global climate model and its impact on simulated climate, J. Climate, 31, 3711-3727, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0125.1.

Flanner, M. G., Huang, X., Chen, X., and Krinner, G. (2018), Climate response to negative greenhouse gas radiative forcing in polar winter, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 1997-2004, doi:10.1002/2017GL076668.

Schneider, A., Flanner, M., and Perket, J. (2018), Multidecadal variability in surface albedo feedback across CMIP5 models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, 1972-1980, doi:10.1002/2017GL076293.

Kuo, C., Feldman, D. R., Huang, X., Flanner, M., Yang, P., and Chen, X. (2018), Time-dependent cryospheric longwave surface emissivity feedback in the Community Earth System Model, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 123, 789-813, doi:10.1002/2017JD027595.


Kuo, C.-P., Yang, P., Huang, X., Feldman, D., Flanner, M., Kuo, C., and Mlawer, E. J. (2017), Impact of multiple scattering on longwave radiative transfer involving clouds, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 9, 3082-3098, doi: 10.1002/2017MS001117.

Cook, J. M., Hodson, A. J., Gardner, A. S., Flanner, M., Tedstone, A. J., Williamson, C., Irvine-Fynn, T. D. L., Nilsson, J., Bryant, R., and Tranter, M. (2017), Quantifying bioalbedo: a new physically based model and discussion of empirical methods for characterising biological influence on ice and snow albedo, The Cryosphere, 11, 2611-2632, doi: 10.5194/tc-11-2611-2017.

Thomas, J. L., Polashenski, C. M., Soja, A. J., Marelle, L., Casey, K. A., Choi, H. D., Raut, J.-C., Wiedinmyer, C. and Emmons, L. K., Fast, J. D., Pelon, J., Law, K. S., Flanner, M. G., and Dibb, J. E. (2017), Quantifying black carbon deposition over the Greenland ice sheet from forest fires in Canada, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 7965-7974, doi:10.1002/2017GL073701.

Myhre, G., Aas, W., Cherian, R., Collins, W., Faluvegi, G., Flanner, M., Forster, P., Hodnebrog, O., Klimont, Z., Lund, M. T., Mulmenstadt, J., Lund Myhre, C., Olivie, D., Prather, M., Quaas, J., Samset, B. H., Schnell, J. L., Schulz, M., Shindell, D., Skeie, R. B., Takemura, T., and Tsyro, S. (2017), Multi-model simulations of aerosol and ozone radiative forcing due to anthropogenic emission changes during the period 1990–2015, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 2709-2720, doi:10.5194/acp-17-2709-2017, 2017.

Schmale, J., Flanner, M., Kang, S., Sprenger, M., Zhang, Q., Guo, J., Li, Y., Schwikowski, M., Farinotti, D. (2017), Modulation of snow reflectance and snowmelt from Central Asian glaciers by anthropogenic black carbon, Scientific Reports, 7, doi:10.1038/srep40501.

Chen, X., X. Huang, C. Jiao, M. G. Flanner, T. Raeker, and B. Palen (2017), Running climate model on a commercial cloud computing environment: A case study using Community Earth System Model (CESM) on Amazon AWS, Computers & Geosciences, 98, 21-25, doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2016.09.014.


Singh, D., and M. G. Flanner (2016), An improved carbon dioxide snow spectral albedo model: Application to Martian conditions, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 121, 2037-2054, doi:10.1002/2016JE005040.

van den Hurk, B., Kim, H., Krinner, G., Seneviratne, S. I., Derksen, C., Oki, T., Douville, H., Colin, J., Ducharne, A., Cheruy, F., Viovy, N., Puma, M. J., Wada, Y., Li, W., Jia, B., Alessandri, A., Lawrence, D. M., Weedon, G. P., Ellis, R., Hagemann, S., Mao, J., Flanner, M. G., Zampieri, M., Materia, S., Law, R. M., and Sheffield, J. (2016), LS3MIP (v1.0) contribution to CMIP6: the Land Surface, Snow and Soil moisture Model Intercomparison Project – aims, setup and expected outcome, Geosci. Model Dev., 9, 2809-2832, doi:10.5194/gmd-9-2809-2016.

Mahmood, R., K. von Salzen, M. Flanner, M. Sand, J. Langner, H. Wang, and L. Huang (2016), Seasonality of global and Arctic black carbon processes in the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme models, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 7100-7116, doi:10.1002/2016JD024849.

Wobus, C., Flanner, M., Sarofim, M. C., Moura, M. C. P. and Smith, S. J. (2016), Future Arctic temperature change resulting from a range of aerosol emissions scenarios, Earth’s Future, 4, 270-281, doi:10.1002/2016EF000361

Arnold S. R., K. S. Law, C. A. Brock, J. L. Thomas, S. M. Starkweather, K. von Salzen, A. Stohl, S. Sharma, M. T. Lund, M. G. Flanner, T. Petäjä, H. Tanimoto, J. Gamble, J. E. Dibb, M. Melamed, N. Johnson, M. Fidel, V.-P. Tynkkynen, A. Baklanov, S. Eckhardt, S. A. Monks, J. Browse, H. Bozem (2016), Arctic air pollution: Challenges and opportunities for the next decade, Elem. Sci. Anth., 4, 000104, doi: 10.12952/journal.elementa.000104.

Jiao, C. and M. G. Flanner (2016), Changing black carbon transport to the Arctic from present day to the end of 21st century, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 121, 4734-4750, doi:10.1002/2015JD023964.

Sand, M., T. K. Berntsen, K. von Salzen, M. G. Flanner, J. Langner, and D. G. Victor (2016), Response of Arctic temperature to changes in emissions of short-lived climate forcers, Nature Clim. Change, 6, 286-290, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2880.


Polashenski, C. M., J. E. Dibb, M. G. Flanner, J. Y. Chen, Z. R. Courville, A. M. Lai, J. J. Schauer, M. M. Shafer, and M. Bergin (2015), Neither dust nor black carbon causing apparent albedo decline in Greenland’s dry snow zone: Implications for MODIS C5 surface reflectance, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 9319-9327, doi:10.1002/2015GL065912.

Singh, D., Flanner, M. G., and Perket, J. (2015), The global land shortwave cryosphere radiative effect during the MODIS era, The Cryosphere, 9, 2057-2070, doi:10.5194/tc-9-2057-2015.

Eckhardt, S., Quennehen, B., Olivie, D. J. L., Berntsen, T. K., Cherian, R., Christensen, J. H., Collins, W., Crepinsek, S., Daskalakis, N., Flanner, M., Herber, A., Heyes, C., Hodnebrog, O., Huang, L., Kanakidou, M., Klimont, Z., Langner, J., Law, K. S., Lund, M. T., Mahmood, R., Massling, A., Myriokefalitakis, S., Nielsen, I. E., Nojgaard, J. K., Quaas, J., Quinn, P. K., Raut, J.-C., Rumbold, S. T., Schulz, M., Sharma, S., Skeie, R. B., Skov, H., Uttal, T., von Salzen, K., and Stohl, A. (2015), Current model capabilities for simulating black carbon and sulfate concentrations in the Arctic atmosphere: a multi-model evaluation using a comprehensive measurement data set, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 9413-9433, doi:10.5194/acp-15-9413-2015.

Oaida, C. M, Y. Xue, M. G. Flanner, S. M. Skiles, F. De Sales, and T. H. Painter (2015), Improving snow albedo processes in WRF/SSiB regional climate model to assess impact of dust and black carbon in snow on surface energy balance and hydrology over western U.S., J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, 3228-3248. doi: 10.1002/2014JD022444.

Qian, Y., T. J. Yasunari, S. J. Doherty, M. G. Flanner, W. K. M. Lau, J. Ming, H. Wang, M. Wang, S. G. Warren, and R. Zhang (2015), Light-absorbing particles in snow and ice: Measurement and modeling of climatic and hydrological impact, Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 32, 1, 64-91, doi: 10.1007/s00376-014-0010-0.


Doherty, S. J., Bitz, C. M., and Flanner, M. G. (2014), Biases in modeled surface snow BC mixing ratios in prescribed-aerosol climate model runs, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 11697-11709, doi:10.5194/acp-14-11697-2014.

Zhao, C., Hu, Z., Qian, Y., Ruby Leung, L., Huang, J., Huang, M., Jin, J., Flanner, M. G., Zhang, R., Wang, H., Yan, H., Lu, Z., and Streets, D. G. (2014), Simulating black carbon and dust and their radiative forcing in seasonal snow: a case study over North China with field campaign measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 11475-11491, doi:10.5194/acp-14-11475-2014.

Young, C. L., I. N. Sokolik, M. G. Flanner, and J. Dufek (2014), Surface radiative impacts of ash deposits from the 2009 eruption of Redoubt volcano, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 11387-11397, doi:10.1002/2014JD021949.

Chen, X., X. Huang, and M. G. Flanner (2014), Sensitivity of modeled far-IR radiation budgets in polar continents to treatments of snow surface and ice cloud radiative properties, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 6530-6537, doi:10.1002/2014GL061216.

Flanner, M. G., A. S. Gardner, S. Eckhardt, A. Stohl, J. Perket (2014), Aerosol radiative forcing from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruptions, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 9481-9491, doi: 10.1002/2014JD021977.

Lin, G., J. E. Penner, M. G. Flanner, S. Sillman, L. Xu, and C. Zhou (2014), Radiative forcing of organic aerosol in the atmosphere and on snow: Effects of SOA and brown carbon, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 7453-7476, doi:10.1002/2013JD021186.

Qian, Y., H. Wang, R. Zhang, M. G. Flanner, and P. J. Rasch (2014) A sensitivity study on modeling black carbon in snow and its radiative forcing over the Arctic and Northern China, Environ. Res. Lett., 9, 064001, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/6/064001.

Perket, J., M. G. Flanner, and J. E. Kay (2014), Diagnosing shortwave cryosphere radiative effect and its 21st century evolution in CESM, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 1356-1362, doi:10.1002/2013JD021139.

Jiao, C., Flanner, M. G., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S. E., Bellouin, N., Berntsen, T. K., Bian, H., Carslaw, K. S., Chin, M., De Luca, N., Diehl, T., Ghan, S. J., Iversen, T., Kirkevag, A., Koch, D., Liu, X., Mann, G. W., Penner, J. E., Pitari, G., Schulz, M., Seland, O., Skeie, R. B., Steenrod, S. D., Stier, P., Takemura, T., Tsigaridis, K., van Noije, T., Yun, Y., and Zhang, K. (2014), An AeroCom assessment of black carbon in Arctic snow and sea ice, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 2399-2417, doi:10.5194/acp-14-2399-2014.

Kay, J. E., B. Medeiros, Y.-T. Hwang, A. Gettelman, J. Perket, and M. G. Flanner (2014), Processes controlling Southern Ocean shortwave climate feedbacks in CESM, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 616-622, doi:10.1002/2013GL058315.

N. Mahowald, S. Albani, J. F. Kok, S. Engelstaeder, R. Scanza, D. S. Ward, M. G. Flanner (2014), The size distribution of desert dust aerosols and its impact on the Earth system, Aeolian Research, 15, 53-71, doi: 10.1016/j.aeolia.2013.09.002.


Painter, T. H., M. G. Flanner, G. Kaser, B. Marzeion, R. A. VanCuren, and W. Abdalati (2013), End of the Little Ice Age in the Alps forced by industrial black carbon, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., 110, 15216-15221, 10.1073/pnas.1302570110

Bond, T. C., S. J. Doherty, D. W. Fahey, P. M. Forster, T. Berntsen, B. J. DeAngelo, M. G. Flanner, S. Ghan, B. Kärcher, D. Koch, S. Kinne, Y. Kondo, P. K. Quinn, M. C. Sarofim, M. G. Schultz, M. Schulz, C. Venkataraman, H. Zhang, S. Zhang, N. Bellouin, S. K. Guttikunda, P. K. Hopke, M. Z. Jacobson, J. W. Kaiser, Z. Klimont, U. Lohmann, J. P. Schwarz, D. Shindell, T. Storelvmo, S. G. Warren, and C. S. Zender (2013), Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: A scientific assessment, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 5380-5552, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50171.

Flanner, M. G. (2013), Arctic climate sensitivity to local black carbon, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 1840-1851, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50176.
Erratum: Paragraph 7 (p.2), sentence 4 should read: “…global BC emissions are 15.5 Tg/yr, of which 0.85% and 0.05% originate from latitudes north of 60°N and 66°N, respectively.”

Shindell, D. T., J.-F. Lamarque, M. Schulz, M. Flanner, C. Jiao, M. Chin, P. J. Young, Y. H. Lee, L. Rotstayn, N. Mahowald, G. Milly, G. Faluvegi, Y. Balkanski, W. J. Collins, A. J. Conley, S. Dalsoren, R. Easter, S. Ghan, L. Horowitz, X. Liu, G. Myhre, T. Nagashima, V. Naik, S. T. Rumbold, R. Skeie, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, T. Takemura, A. Voulgarakis, J.-H. Yoon, and F. Lo (2013), Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2939-2974, doi:10.5194/acp-13-2939-2013.

Lee, Y. H., J.-F. Lamarque, M. G. Flanner, C. Jiao, D. T. Shindell, T. Berntsen, M. M. Bisiaux, J. Cao, W. J. Collins, M. Curran, R. Edwards, G. Faluvegi, S. Ghan, L. W. Horowitz, J. R. McConnell, J. Ming, G. Myhre, T. Nagashima, V. Naik, S. T. Rumbold, R. B. Skeie, K. Sudo, T. Takemura, F. Thevenon, B. Xu and J.-H. Yoon (2013), Evaluation of preindustrial to present-day black carbon and its albedo forcing from Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP), Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 2607-2634, doi:10.5194/acp-13-2607-2013

Sterle, K. M., J. R. McConnell, J. Dozier, R. Edwards, and M. G. Flanner (2013), Retention and radiative forcing of black carbon in eastern Sierra Nevada snow, The Cryosphere, 7, 365-374, doi:10.5194/tc-7-365-2013


Zhou, C., J. E. Penner, M. G. Flanner, M. M. Bisiaux, R. Edwards, and J. R. McConnell (2012), Transport of black carbon to polar regions: Sensitivity and forcing by black carbon, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L22804, doi:10.1029/2012GL053388.

Flanner, M. G., X. Liu, C. Zhou, J. E. Penner, and C. Jiao (2012), Enhanced solar energy absorption by internally-mixed black carbon in snow grains, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 4699-4721, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4699-2012.     Erratum: p.4714 should read “In IMPACT, fossil/biofuel and open biomass BC are emitted with effective radii of 169 and 161 nm (number median radii of 44 and 78 nm), respectively…”

Liu, X., Easter, R. C., Ghan, S. J., Zaveri, R., Rasch, P., Shi, X., Lamarque, J.-F., Gettelman, A., Morrison, H., Vitt, F., Conley, A., Park, S., Neale, R., Hannay, C., Ekman, A. M. L., Hess, P., Mahowald, N., Collins, W., Iacono, M. J., Bretherton, C. S., Flanner, M. G., and Mitchell, D. (2012), Toward a minimal representation of aerosols in climate models: description and evaluation in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5, Geosci. Model Dev., 5, 709-739, doi:10.5194/gmd-5-709-2012

Lawrence, D. M., K. W. Oleson, M. G. Flanner, C. G. Fletcher, P. J. Lawrence, S. Levis, S. C. Swenson, and G. B. Bonan (2012), The CCSM4 land simulation, 1850-2005: Assessment of surface climate and new capabilities, J. Climate, 25, 2240-2260, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00103.1


Mahowald, N., D. S. Ward, S. Kloster, M. G. Flanner, C. L. Heald, N. G. Heavens, P. G. Hess, J.-F. Lamarque, and P. Y. Chuang (2011), Aerosol impacts on climate and biogeochemistry, Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour., 36, 45-74, doi: 10.1146/annurev-environ-042009-094507

Lawrence, D., K. W. Oleson, M. G. Flanner, P. E. Thorton, S. C. Swenson, P. J. Lawrence, X. Zeng, Z.-L. Yang, S. Levis, K. Skaguchi, G. B. Bonan and A. G. Slater (2011), Parameterization Improvements and Functional and Structural Advances in Version 4 of the Community Land Model, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 3, 27, doi:10.1029/JAMES.2011.3.45

Kuipers Munneke, P., M. R. van den Broeke, J. T. M. Lenaerts, M. G. Flanner, A. S. Gardner, and W. J. van de Berg (2011), A new albedo parameterization for use in climate models over the Antarctic ice sheet, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D05114, doi:10.1029/2010JD015113

Qian, Y., Flanner, M. G., Leung, L. R., and Wang, W. (2011), Sensitivity studies on the impacts of Tibetan Plateau snowpack pollution on the Asian hydrological cycle and monsoon climate, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1929-1948, doi:10.5194/acp-11-1929-2011

Flanner, M. G., K. M. Shell, M. Barlage, D. K. Perovich, and M. A. Tschudi (2011) Radiative forcing and albedo feedback from the Northern Hemisphere cryosphere between 1979 and 2008, Nature Geosci., 4, 151-155, doi: 10.1038/ngeo1062

Kaspari, S. D., M. Schwikowski, M. Gysel, M. G. Flanner, S. Kang, S. Hou, and P. A. Mayewski (2011), Recent increase in black carbon concentrations from a Mt. Everest ice core spanning 1860–2000 AD, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L04703, doi:10.1029/2010GL046096

Bond, T. C., C. Zarzycki, M. G. Flanner, and D. M. Koch (2011) Quantifying immediate radiative forcing by black carbon and organic matter with the Specific Forcing Pulse, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1505-1525, doi:10.5194/acp-11-1505-2011


Mahowald, N. M., Kloster, S., Engelstaedter, S., Moore, J. K., Mukhopadhyay, S., McConnell, J. R., Albani, S., Doney, S. C., Bhattacharya, A., Curran, M. A. J., Flanner, M. G., Hoffman, F. M., Lawrence, D. M., Lindsay, K., Mayewski, P. A., Neff, J., Rothenberg, D., Thomas, E., Thornton, P. E., and Zender, C. S (2010) Observed 20th century desert dust variability: impact on climate and biogeochemistry, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 10875-10893

Doughty, C. E., M. G. Flanner, and M. L. Goulden (2010) Effect of smoke on sub-canopy shaded light, canopy temperature, and carbon dioxide uptake in an Amazon rainforest, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 24, GB3015, doi:10.1029/2009GB003670

Tosca, M. G., J. T. Randerson, C. S. Zender, M. G. Flanner, and P. J. Rasch (2010), Do biomass burning aerosols intensify drought in equatorial Asia during El Nino?, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 3515-3528


Flanner, M. G., C. S. Zender, P. G. Hess, N. M. Mahowald, T. H. Painter, V. Ramanathan, and P. J. Rasch (2009), Springtime warming and reduced snow cover from carbonaceous particles, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 2481-2497

Flanner, M. G. (2009), Integrating anthropogenic heat flux with global climate models, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L02801, doi:10.1029/2008GL036465 .     Errata: Eqs. A4 and A5 should include brackets to read: “0.5 {erf[…]+1.0}”, and the second line of Eq. A7 should be: “A2(Theta) = 0”. Corrected LaTeX pdf


Quinn, P. K., T. S. Bates, E. Baum, N. Doubleday, A. M. Fiore, M. Flanner, A. Fridlind, T. J. Garrett, D. Koch, S. Menon, D. Shindell, A. Stohl, and S. G. Warren (2008), Short-lived pollutants in the Arctic: Their climate impact and possible mitigation strategies, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 1723-1735


McConnell, J. R., R. Edwards, G. L. Kok, M. G. Flanner, C. S. Zender, E. S. Saltzman, J. R. Banta, D. R. Pasteris, M. M. Carter, and J. D. W. Kahl (2007), 20th Century industrial black carbon emissions altered Arctic climate forcing, Science, 317, 1381-1384.

Flanner, M. G., C. S. Zender, J. T. Randerson, and P. J. Rasch (2007), Present day climate forcing and response from black carbon in snow, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D11202, doi:10.1029/2006JD008003

Painter, T. H., N. P. Molotch, M. Cassidy, M. Flanner, and K. Steffen (2007), Contact spectroscopy for determination of stratigraphy of snow grain size, J. Glaciol., 53, 180, 121-127


Randerson, J. T., H. Liu, M. G. Flanner, S. D. Chambers, Y. Jin, P. G. Hess, G. Pfister, M. C. Mack, K. K. Treseder, L. R. Welp, F. S. Chapin, J. W. Harden, M. L. Goulden, E. Lyons, J. C. Neff, E. A. G. Schuur and C. S. Zender (2006), The impact of boreal forest fire on climate warming, Science, 314, 1132-1134.

Flanner, M. G., and C. S. Zender (2006), Linking snowpack microphysics and albedo evolution, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D12208, doi:10.1029/2005JD006834     Errata: Eqs. 3, 4, and 6 should read “dm/dt=…”, rather than “dm/dT=…”.
Equation 11: The term containing σ_g should read “ln(σ_g)^2”, rather than “ln(σ_g^2)”


Flanner, M. G., and C. S. Zender (2005), Snowpack radiative heating: Influence on Tibetan Plateau climate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L06501, doi:10.1029/2004GL022076
Erratum: Figure 3 caption reverses top and bottom panel descriptions.

Reports and Book Chapters

Contributing author to Chapter 7 (The Earth’s energy budget, climate feedbacks, and climate sensitivity) of the IPCC Working Group 1 Sixth Assessment Report (2022): Forster, P., T. Storelvmo, K. Armour, W. Collins, J. L. Dufresne, D. Frame, D. J. Lunt, T. Mauritsen, M. D. Palmer, M. Watanabe, M. Wild, H. Zhang, 2021, The Earth’s Energy Budget, Climate Feedbacks, and Climate Sensitivity. In: Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, A. Pirani, S. L. Connors, C. Péan, S. Berger, N. Caud, Y. Chen, L. Goldfarb, M. I. Gomis, M. Huang, K.Leitzell, E. Lonnoy, J.B.R. Matthews, T. K. Maycock, T. Waterfield, O. Yelekçi, R. Yu and B. Zhou (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press. In Press.

Kupiainen, K., Flanner, M., Eckhardt, S. (2022). Climate Effects of Other Pollutants – Short-Lived Climate Forcers and the Arctic. In: Finger, M., Rekvig, G. (eds) Global Arctic: An Introduction to the Multifaceted Dynamics of the Arctic. Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-81253-9_9.

He, C. and Flanner, M. (2020), Snow Albedo and Radiative Transfer: Theory, Modeling, and Parameterization. In: Kokhanovsky A. (eds), Springer Series in Light Scattering (Volume 5), Springer, Cham, doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-38696-2_3.

Contributing author to Chapter 3 (Polar Regions) of the IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate: Meredith, M., M. Sommerkorn, S. Cassotta, C. Derksen, A. Ekaykin, A. Hollowed, G. Kofinas, A. Mackintosh, J. Melbourne-Thomas, M.M.C. Muelbert, G. Ottersen, H. Pritchard, and E.A.G. Schuur (2019): Polar Regions. In: IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate [H.-O. Portner, D.C. Roberts, V. Masson-Delmotte, P. Zhai, M. Tignor, E. Poloczanska, K. Mintenbeck, A. Alegria, M. Nicolai, A. Okem, J. Petzold, B. Rama, N.M. Weyer (eds.)]. In press.

Cook J., Flanner M., Williamson C., McKenzie Skiles S. (2019), Bio-optical Properties of Terrestrial Snow and Ice. In: Kokhanovsky A. (eds) Springer Series in Light Scattering (Volume 4), Springer, Cham, doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-20587-4_3.

AMAP Assessment (2015): Black carbon and ozone as Arctic climate forcers. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway. vii + 116 pp.

Contributing author to Chapter 7 (Clouds and Aerosols) of the IPCC Working Group 1 Fifth Assessment Report (2013): Boucher, O., D. Randall, P. Artaxo, C. Bretherton, G. Feingold, P. Forster, V.-M. Kerminen, Y. Kondo, H. Liao, U. Lohmann, P. Rasch, S.K. Satheesh, S. Sherwood, B. Stevens and X.Y. Zhang (2013): Clouds and Aerosols. In: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.

UNEP/WMO (2011), Integrated Assessment of Black Carbon and Tropospheric Ozone, United Nations Environmental Programme and World Meteorological Organization, Nairobi, Kenya, 285 pp.

AMAP (2011): The Impact of Black Carbon on Arctic Climate, P. K. Quinn, A. Stohl, A. Arneth, T. Berntsen, J. F. Burkhart, J. Christensen, M. Flanner, K. Kupiainen, H. Lihavainen, M. Shepherd, V. Shevchenko, H. Skov, and V. Vestreng. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo. 72 pp.

Oleson, K. W., D. M. Lawrence, G. B. Bonan, M. G. Flanner, E. Kluzek, P. J. Lawrence, S. Levis, S. C. Swenson, P. E. Thornton, A. Dai, M. Decker, R. Dickinson, J. Feddema, C. L. Heald, F. Hoffman, J.-F. Lamarque, N. Mahowald, G.-Y. Niu, T. Qian, J. Randerson, S. Running, K. Sakaguchi, A. Slater, R. Stockli, A. Wang, Z.-L. Yang, Xi. Zeng, and Xu. Zeng (2010): Technical Description of version 4.0 of the Community Land Model (CLM). NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN-478+STR, National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO, 257 pp.